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Millions of people depend on agriculture as their primary means of subsistence in many African economies. African agriculture relies heavily on the work of smallholder farmers, who perform an outsized role despite their frequently restricted access to official financial institutions. But many of them have trouble getting loans, which limits their potential to expand. To facilitate financial inclusion in African agriculture, it is essential to close the gap between smallholder farmers and formal finance.

Hindrances smallholder farmers face

1. Inability to provide sufficient assets as collateral

Not having sufficient assets to use as security is a significant hindrance for smallholder farmers. When applying for a loan from a bank or other traditional lending institution, borrowers typically need to provide collateral. The inability to provide collateral prevents many smallholder farmers from gaining access to credit. Some banks have responded to this difficulty by creating new kinds of collateral-free loans. Some banks, for instance, have created group lending products that provide unsecured financing to smallholder farmers. Each member of the group acts as a guarantor for the others, lowering the amount of collateral required.

2. The inability to read and understand financial statements

The inability to read and understand basic financial statements is another difficulty smallholder farmers encounter. Many farmers on smaller plots don’t know enough about money management to be truly self-sufficient. They may be unable to benefit from the financial tools and services that are open to them. Financial institutions have begun offering smallholder farmers with financial education and training in an effort to combat this problem. The necessity of financial management is emphasised, and farmers are taught the skills they need to handle their money wisely. Financial institutions are helping smallholder farmers by providing education and training on financial matters.

How mobile technology helped with the accessibility to finacial services

Smallholder farmers previously had limited access to formal financial services, but now, thanks to mobile technology, they can more easily apply for loans and other forms of credit. The use of mobile money services has greatly improved the financial inclusion of smallholder farmers. Without having to open a bank account, farmers can use their mobile phones to gain access to a variety of financial services. This has facilitated the availability of capital for smallholder farmers in places where traditional banking services are scarce. In addition, the convenience of mobile money services has improved farmers’ ability to collect payments for their goods and services.

Ways in which digital technology is helping to close the financial gap for smallholder farmers

In addition, innovations in digital technology, like blockchain and AI, are helping to close the financing gap for smallholder farmers. To confirm their identities and keep tabs on their financial dealings, blockchain technology is being utilised to generate digital identities for smallholder farmers. This innovation in financial transaction technology aids in lowering the potential for fraud while simultaneously increasing their openness and transparency. Credit scoring algorithms that may be used to evaluate the creditworthiness of smallholder farmers are also being developed with the help of artificial intelligence. With the use of this technology, smallholder farmers are better able to gain access to financing, as the time and money needed to determine a borrower’s creditworthiness is greatly reduced.

How banking institutions have helped with closing the gap between smallholder farmers and formal finance

In conclusion, facilitating financial inclusion in African agriculture requires closing the gap between smallholder farmers and formal finance. Banking institutions have introduced collateral-free lending products, expanded access to financial education and training, and embraced mobile technology to expand access to their services among smallholder farmers. Digital technologies, such as blockchain and artificial intelligence, are also contributing to the enhancement of financial transaction efficiency and openness. Millions of people’s lives may be improved if African economies could unlock the potential of their agriculture sector and provide them with access to formal finance.